A few months ago, I started learning about containers using Docker. This has certainly been a fun experience overall (though sometimes frustrating 😛). One issue with this is rebuilding the container upon every update when you want to deploy the new image.

There is however a solution to this problem thankfully. A good friend Kieran, who also started learning Docker at around the same time as myself introduced me to Ouroboros. Kieran uses this to keep his many Discord bots up to date without having to manually rebuild and bring up each container over and over again, and this seems to work pretty well. It is unfortunate that the project has now been abandonned (last commit in 2020). However the software still functions as it should. The following guide assumes you have some basic experience with Docker. If you have no experience then there are a couple of good posts by Kieran Robson here on how to setup docker and portainer.

To set this up you will need:

  • Docker
  • a DockerHub account
  • A GitHub repo with a functioning Dockerfile in

Docker CI

  • go to and click on set up a workflow yourself.
  • remove the existing yaml in the auto generated file and copy the contents from below into it
# This workflow uses actions that are not certified by GitHub.
# They are provided by a third-party and are governed by
# separate terms of service, privacy policy, and support
# documentation.

name: Publish Docker image

      - "main"

    name: Push Docker image to multiple registries
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
      packages: write
      contents: read
      - name: Check out the repo
        uses: actions/checkout@v3

      - name: Log in to Docker Hub
        uses: docker/login-action@f054a8b539a109f9f41c372932f1ae047eff08c9
          username: ${{ secrets.DOCKERHUB_USERNAME }}
          password: ${{ secrets.DOCKERHUB_PASSWORD }}

      - name: Log in to the Container registry
        uses: docker/login-action@f054a8b539a109f9f41c372932f1ae047eff08c9
          username: ${{ }}
          password: ${{ secrets.GITHUB_TOKEN }}

      - name: Extract metadata (tags, labels) for Docker
        id: meta
        uses: docker/metadata-action@98669ae865ea3cffbcbaa878cf57c20bbf1c6c38
          images: |
  ${{ github.repository }}

      - name: Build and push Docker images
        uses: docker/build-push-action@ad44023a93711e3deb337508980b4b5e9bcdc5dc
          context: .
          push: true
          tags: ${{ steps.meta.outputs.tags }}
          labels: ${{ steps.meta.outputs.labels }}
  • the above will build the docker image and push it to the Docker Hub as well as GitHub's registry.
  • there are two fields that need editing before this will work. username: ${{ secrets.DOCKERHUB_USERNAME }} and password: ${{ secrets.DOCKERHUB_PASSWORD }}. These can be configured at - open this in a new tab. Add your DOCKERHUB_USERNAME to one and DOCKERHUB_PASSWORD to another. also change $/YOUR-IMAGE-NAME-HERE with an appropriate name and then save. You should end up with something like this
  • now go back to the action code and save it
  • with any luck after some time you should have something like this in your actions tab

Ouroboros setup

  • To run Ouroboros:
docker run -d --name ouroboros \
  -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
  • Then with the containers involved:

    • stop the containers
    • run the snippet below, filling in the details you need to
docker run -d \
--name=INSERT NAME \
--restart unless-stopped \

Note that the tag used in this workflow is main.

With any luck you should now have containers automatically update once you push changes to GitHub.